Grooming tips for you and your dog
Even if you have a short haired dachshund, there are some basic daily grooming tips you need to know and practice.
Shorthaired dachshunds require the least grooming because very few things cling to their coats. A regular brushing with a soft bristle brush will be sufficient.
Wirehaired dachshunds need more frequent brushing with a short napped wire bristle brush, especially after the annual spring and fall molting. This brushing will remove the loose hairs and remove the dead hair.
Longhaired dachshunds needs to be regularly brushed and then combed. Mats, which develop primarily behind the ears and in areas where the hair is longer, need to be untangled by hand. In extreme cases the mat balls may need to be cut off.
Simple tips for combing and brushing your dog's coat
First contact with a comb or brush will cause your dachshund to act like they were sorely injured and will try to run for the hills. The secret as in all training is persistence. Caving in at the first sign of a struggle only encourages future behaviors that your dog has learned will work on your soft side.
Use an organized method when brushing and make it part of your regular routine. Here's how to get organized: lay out your grooming tools and place your dog on the kitchen table or counter top where you can work standing up. If you're really into the grooming, invest in a portable grooming table, especially if you have a long-haired dachshund. A grooming table has a loop you can put around your dog's neck to better control while you work on the coat. However, never leave your dog unattended on this or any table as you probably have already discovered, dachshunds have no fear of heights and will, if given the opportunity, make the leap that could seriously injure them.
Next, section off your dog's coat with hair clips or barrettes so that you can concentrate on one area at a time. Brush through each section, then follow with a comb. If the comb hits a tangle, go back over it with the brush. Special coat dressings and entangles can help smooth out minor tangles but won't fix major matting. When major tangles are encounter, hold the matt of hair as close to the skin as possible so the hairs are not pulling up from the skin. Once you can comb through the section without hitting any tangles, move on to the next section.
For shorthaired dachshunds, use a hard rubber brush or a mitt with rubber nubs. Run this across your dog's body every couple days to remove shedding hairs. After brushing use a silk scarf and rub it over the coat to shine it up as finishing touch.
Feeding your dog a high quality dog food will improve the appearance of your dog's coat with a natural luster.
A clean, well-brushed dog will stay warmer in the winter as the dirty hair compacts and lies close to the body, while clean hair lofts up and insulates your dog from the cold.
Regular brushing or combing removes loose hair and reduces the shedding of hairs in the house. You can also give your dog fatty acids such as fish oil or other liquids or capsules specially formulated for improved hair coat and skin quality. This won't stop shedding.
Bathing your dog definitely helps make the coat smoother and softer. Dachshunds produce a special hair fat that serves an insulating layer to protect it against the elements. Bathing removes this hair fat which makes the coat softer but also makes your dog more vulnerable. So bathe your dog occasionally, but not too often. Care should be taken to avoid getting water or soap in the ears when bathing. Their ears are very sensitive, but it's important to clean them regularly also. Use the tip of a soft moistened towel to gently clean inside the ear.
Use lukewarm water and shampoo designed for dogs. Rinse the shampoo out thoroughly, making sure you keep shampoo and water out of their eyes and ears. Rub the fur dry with a towel, or a hair dryer on low.
Grooming a longhaired dachshund takes some skill and practice. Perhaps a professional might be a good option as they have lots of experience. This is good advice even if you plan on grooming your longhaired yourself. The professional can answer questions and will be able to give good advice. Starting off with a clean and well trimmed dachshund helps you get over the initial hurdles. With a little practice you'll be a pro in no time.
With the longer haired dachshunds it is important to blow-dry them after you bathe them instead of allowing them to air-dry.
Keeping the coat brushed and cleaned regularly goes a long way in keeping her longhaired coat manageable. Before brushing, use a comb to go through the coat, gently to help untangle small knots and remove hair that has separated from the skin. Then use the brush.
Daily brushing with a soft bristle brush will keep tangles minimized. Carefully brush twice a week with a wire-pinned brush to remove any tangles that may have formed. Start at the head and work backwards. Once you have groomed the coat thoroughly, use the soft bristled brush to remove any loose hairs. Always brush in the direction the hair grows, not against the growth pattern.
If her coat is long enough to pick up dirt and debris from outdoors, you can trim the underside very carefully with straight scissors and another person to hold her steady so she doesn't move and accidentally get nipped with the scissors.
In some instances if you've neglected grooming your longhaired, she may have some serious tangle issues that may need to be cut out. It is probably better to cut the coat than putting her through the painful ordeal of trying to untangle the matt.
Try to set up a regular schedule and stick to it as best you can. Grooming longhaired's is an important part of their well being. Plan on taking your longhaired to a professional groomer twice a year even if you regularly bathe and brush her. You'll have a lovely dachshund year round with this loving care and with a clean and tidy longhaired, you'll be more likely to want to hold her.
Additional brushing tips
Brush in the direction of hair growth, beginning at the head, and work towards the tail and down the legs. Brushing removes loose hair and daily brushing of longhaired and double-coated dogs removes dead hair from the undercoat to help prevent matting.
Slicker brushes are ideal for this purpose but are also a good general brush if used lightly
Pin brushes, with rounded tips to prevent damage to the skin, are good for dogs with long, fine hair. They can also be used to fluff the coat by brushing against the direction of hair growth.
Bristle brushes are good for dogs with very long coats and help add shine to the short coat
Grooming mitts are also good for shorthaired to add polish and shine once the loose hairs are removed.
Exercising your dachshund on pavement regularly helps knock back claws nicely. Otherwise you will need to trim the claws. Use a trimmer designed for dog’s claws. Also have a septic pencil on hand in case you cut into the quick (or the pink) of the nail. This is the blood supply and the nail will bleed. You just want to cut off the bare tip of the claw. Some dachshunds don't mind nail trimming, and others can stand it. The main point is to do nail trimming often so that you won't have to cut much off at any one time. This reduces the chances of nicking a vein which causes a lot of discomfort and will make your dachshund afraid of the trimmers.